Cranes come in different types and sizes and it is important to know every kind. Cranes are designed predominately to move weights with levers or pulleys, although they may look modern they have been used for the last 2000 years. The Romans used cranes to build large monuments; medieval churches were also constructed with the aid of cranes. Here in this article we shall look at the simple and complex uses for cranes.
One simple crane is the mobile crane; this crane has a telescopic boom that is mounted on a movable platform. It is the levers and the pulleys that move the boom of this crane while at the end of it it has a hook attached at its bottom. When working in the city to move heavy equipment’s, mobile cranes are the best option as they offer convenience. When it comes to the wheels of a mobile crane, they may be designed for caterpillar or rail trucks.
Depending on the job the crane is to do, the hook at the end of it can be replaced with a wrecking bucket. A crane may either be used for moving earth or even for demolition as the hook at its end can be replaced with a wrecking bucket. Truck mounted cranes and rough terrain cranes are also essentially mobile too. To keep a truck mounted crane stable it is good for them to be fitted with outriggers. Cranes that are designed for rough terrain have a base that is not dissimilar to a 4 wheel drive vehicle; they are good for picking up transport materials.
The other type of cranes is the loader cranes that are used to load goods on trailers and are powered by hydraulic booms. Of importance to note is that telescopic cranes are similar to loader cranes as they are all fitted with telescopic booms for easier use.
However, those in the shipping industry would need to buy the floating cranes for flexibility while loading cranes. The floating cranes are suitable they can operate in water while building salvage ships, ports as well as supporting bridges. The floating cranes can be used to offload awkward looking containers as they are just designed to do this.
The other type of cranes is the tower cranes, they however, do not have a movable base. when constructing the crane, it has to happen base by base as they are very tall. When it comes to its shape, its base is like a long ladder while its boom is perpendicular to this base. These cranes are often used for sky scraper construction and the build of tall buildings. There are generally two major things to be considered .The considerations are the mass the crane can handle as well as its stability.